Julie Dubé Gagnon
On January 6, 2011, President-elect Alassane Ouattara of Côte d’Ivoire requested the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to intervene in order to remove incumbent Laurent Gbagbo, who refused to leave power following the democratic presidential elections of November 2010. In December 2010, ECOWAS gave a final ultimatum to Laurent Gbagbo to comply with its request on ceding his throne. Otherwise, ECOWAS warned, it would be compelled to use legitimate force to serve the demands of the Ivorian people. This Article ascertains the illegality of a military intervention for pro-democratic motives in light of the current post-election crisis in Côte d’Ivoire. ECOWAS could not have lawfully intervened in Côte d’Ivoire in order to install Alassane Ouattara because such use of military force contravenes the U.N. Charter, and permitting such derogation would destabilize international peace and security.
“Globalization and Race” will elucidate the legal and political connections
between States and corporations and then focus on the remarkably diverse
domestic populations wedged between them.
Dan E. Stigall
Driven by internationalization efforts such as those that accompanied
the global efforts to combat the illicit drug trade, international law enforcement
efforts by the United States have developed markedly over the past few
decades. Scholars note that “[p]olicing transnational crime has evolved from
a limited and ad hoc assortment of police actions and extradition agreements to
a highly intensive and regularized collection of law enforcement mechanisms
and institutions.” A notable element of this phenomenon has been the
increased need by domestic law enforcement agencies to conduct
extraterritorial law enforcement operations. This is especially so in areas of
the world where there is no governmental counterpart willing or able to take